After three and a half years, Russian President Vladimir Putin “decided to ratify” the 2015 Paris climate agreement.
According to the agency’s interlocutors, the agreement will be approved by the government’s order, not by passing the relevant law in parliament. According to the agency’s interlocutors, ratification bypassing the State Duma will not allow to challenge the Kremlin’s position to deputies supporting opponents of the agreement, including in the energy and metallurgy sectors.
Ratification is a legal force for an international treaty. According to the International Treaties, ratifications are subject, in particular, to treaties, the implementation of which requires changes in the current legislation. Sergey Glandin, special adviser on the sanctionlaw law of the Bar Association of Pen and Paper, a lecturer in the Department of International Law of the Faculty of Law at Moscow State University, told RBC that the scenario with ratification is not real through the parliament.
“There is a 20th article in the Paris Treaty that says that a treaty can be acceded, ratified, signed or accepted in another way,” he said. “We have the 1995 International Treaties, and there is Article 6, which establishes the forms in which the Russian Federation agrees to the binding of an international treaty, which provides the same list of measures. The same law contains a list of treaties that are subject to mandatory ratification by Parliament, I have tried to deal with the subject of this climate treaty, and It seems to me that the subject of this treaty does not need mandatory ratification through Parliament. That is, the federal government in the person of the president on Art. 6 this FH can determine in what form we join it. Since the president forms the direction of foreign policy in our country, he can join him as he sees fit,” Glandin said.
The lawyer also noted that if the contract had provisions on the transfer of territories, budget allocations or human rights, it would be subject to approval from the State Duma.
Bloomberg sources also said that the ratification could coincide with the summit of the UN General Assembly on climate change, which will be held on Monday, September 23, in New York.
According to officials close to the discussion in the Kremlin, a number of factors contributed to the change in Putin’s position on greenhouse gas emissions over the past two years. Among them are lobbying by European leaders, particularly from Germany, France and the Scandinavian countries. The agency’s interlocutors also note that the decision to ratify the agreement is due to a “cold economic and political calculation.”
Putin’s spokesman Dmitry Peskov was asked whether the ratification of the Paris pact meant that the president agreed with the assessment of the causes of global warming. The Kremlin representative responded negatively, the agency reports.
As Bloomberg notes, Putin’s point of view is close to that of US President Donald Trump – in 2017, he announced the withdrawal of the United States from the agreement, explaining that it is inconvenient for business.
The agency reminds that Putin urged not to judge Trump’s decision, as the agreement has not yet entered into force. “We still have time, if we all work constructively, we can still agree on something. Don’t worry, be happy!” he said at the time.
The Paris climate agreement is aimed at combating global warming and regulates carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere. Russia signed it in 2016, but has not yet ratified the document. As the Russian side stated at the 22nd conference of the parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Marrakech, Moscow does not consider the abandonment of hydrocarbons as a way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
At the plenary session of the Arctic Forum in April, Putin said that Russia was “moving towards” ratification of the agreement, but would do so “after a comprehensive analysis of the consequences of implementing these decisions.” In July, Deputy Prime Minister Aleksey Gordeev instructed the Ministry of Natural Resources, together with the Foreign Ministry, to introduce a draft law on ratification of the Paris climate agreement to the government.