Former President Robert Mugabe dies on September 6 at the age of 95, BBC News reported.
He died in a hospital in Singapore, where he was being treated.
Robert Mugabe became prime minister of zimbabwe after declaring its independence and eliminating the racially discriminatory regime in 1980. In 1987, he became president of the country. Up until his resignation in 2017, he was the oldest acting head of state on the planet.
In 2017, the country was in crisis – Mugabe removed Emmerson Mnangagwa from the post of first vice president. In response, on November 15, 2017, the military took control of the capital, placed Mugabe and his family under house arrest and forced him to resign early a week later.
In exchange for Mugabe’s voluntary resignation, he was granted immunity, a one-time payment of $5 million, life imprisonment and other privileges.
What made Mugabe famous?
Mugabe’s rule has been accompanied by many scandals – in the early 2000s, he carried out a so-called black redistribution: the white population was taken away from the land with a total complexity of 5 million hectares, and then 4,000 white farmers were expelled from the country at risk two years in prison. The result of the “black redistribution” was a sharp drop in agricultural production.
Another consequence of the “black redistribution” was colossal inflation. In a short time, the rich African state has become the poorest country: after an attempt to control the prices of products, the country’s Central Bank turned on the printing press in an attempt to end the economic downturn.
“If there is not enough money, we will print it,” Robert Mugabe said at the time. Inflation in zimbabwe broke all records and was 231,000,000, according to official data, with the true level of the inflation rate above 4,000,000,000%.
As a result, hyperinflation led to a record bill of 100 trillion local dollars. In 2009, the government of zimbabwe abandoned its own currency and introduced the US dollar into circulation. This helped to stabilize the economic situation in the country.
Mugabe’s struggle with slums has also led to a deplorable result, with the demolition of homes leaving some 2.5 million people homeless. The demolition campaign was suspended only after UN intervention.
The former president has also been repeatedly accused of rigging the elections.