Scientists have created a climate decoder – it will help find life on exoplanets. The work of researchers from Cornell University has been published in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.
Exoplanets are planets that are outside the solar system. Today, scientists are aware of the existence of thousands of such objects and at least part of them may have life.
Scientists are now trying to determine whether the existing on the exoplanets climate is suitable for life in the Earth’s understanding, in fact manually. This process takes a long time – in the near future astronomers are planning to launch a new generation of telescopes, which will increase the number of known to science exoplanets.
In order to automate the definition of exoplanet climate, the researchers have created a climate decoder. It is based on a combination of details of the color of the planet’s surface and light from the host star to calculate the climate on it.
For example, the rocky black basalt planet absorbs light well and will be very hot, but if you add sand or clouds to its surface, it will cool down.
Earlier astronomers described eccentric hot Neptune, which is seven times heavier than Earth. They assume that the celestial body did not originate within its system.